As a parent, you need to understand that it is your responsibility to teach your children the right financial lessons. From saving to budgeting to spending, these are concepts that you need to make sure they understand.
When your kid gets older and starts to understand more about life, you need to introduce them to more financial concepts. For instance, there are credit card rules to discuss to your college kid. You should also begin discussing student loans with your high school student. While it may seem too early to teach them about credit management, it is a reality that they will face once they enter their college life.
An article published on USAToday.com discussed a study done by EverFi and Higher One. These two organizations are strong advocates of financial literacy. They conducted a study that involved 65,000 college students to prove that being taught financial concepts in high school can affect their money management behavior in college. The study revealed that those who took financial literacy classes in high school displayed signs of being more financially responsible. They were found to make better decisions about debt, paid their dues on time and did not go beyond the limit of their credit cards.
This proves that starting them young with financial lessons like credit management pays off in the end. With the rising financial problems of young adults because of student loans, you should understand that they need to be educated immediately. That will help them make better decisions about their debts.
10 questions that your teen should be able to answer about credit
You may be asking, why are we concentrating on teens? Well, they are at a mental stage that allows them to understand debt and the reason why people use it. Not only that, this is the perfect time to prepare them for the financial responsibilities that they will face once they are in college. If student loans are imminent in their future, then you have to make sure they understand credit management.
As part of the lesson to manage debt, your teen needs to learn about credit card debt and credit scores. To help guide you, here are the important questions that your teen should be able to answer on their own.
What is a credit card? It is a purchasing tool that consumers can use in lieu of cash. Instead of using your money, you are using the money of the creditor. That means, this amount has to be paid back in full.
How can you use credit cards without ending up in too much debt? The best credit management tip to stay away from credit card debt is to avoid carrying over a balance to the next billing cycle. That will keep you from paying finance charges that is just a waste of you money. Make sure to pay the bills in full within the grace period to avoid added payments.
What are interest rates and finance charges? The interest rate is also known as an APR (Annual Percentage Rate) that is used to calculate the finance charge that will be added to the debt carried over to the next month. That is considered as profit for the credit card company. If you do not carry a balance, then you do not have to worry about this.
What is the ideal amount of credit cards to own? 2 should be enough for you. One is a card that you can use on groceries or in a retail shop that you regularly buy items from. The other is a low interest card that you can use for emergencies. Anything beyond this is excessive.
How should a credit card be used? Since this credit management lesson is for a teen, let them know that the credit card should only be used for emergencies. If they plan to use it on unnecessary expenses, they have to make sure that it will be paid off immediately to avoid incurring additional fees. That is a waste of money. A good rule is, if they cannot afford to pay a non-emergency expense in cash, then they should not use credit on it.
When a credit card debt is paid off, should it be closed? It makes sense to close a credit line you’ve paid off but understand that it will affect your credit score. It will make it lower so if you do not have to, just keep your cards and practice credit management to keep it from accumulating debt.
What is a credit score? This is a number that is calculated to measure your creditworthiness. It speaks of your credit management behavior. If you have a bad record of payments, then that will give you a low credit score. This is computed based on 5 factors: your payment history, debt amount, credit history, type of debts and new accounts.
How can I view my credit score? You need to get your credit report from any of the three major credit bureaus: Equifax, TransUnion and Experian. You can get a free copy from the Annual Credit Report website. Once you have downloaded the most current copy, you can use the free credit score calculators found online. This is the cost free way to go about it. Of course, you can order your credit score from the three major credit bureaus for a fee.
Why is a credit score important? A credit score can influence the interest rate that will be imposed on the future loans that a consumer will have. A good credit score will allow them a low interest on a home or car loan. It can even help them get a good job, rent an apartment in a respectable neighborhood and even low premiums on insurances. Know what this score is all about because what you don’t know about your credit score can hurt you.
What is a good credit score? This will depend on the company that is computing it. FICO scores have a range of 300 to 850 so a score of 750 and above is a good score. A VantageScore has a range of 501 to 990 so anything about 900 is a good score. Make sure you know where the credit score is being computed to know what the good credit score is.
Here is a video from National Debt Relief that discusses why credit scores are important. This can help you with the concepts that you need to point out to your teenager.
How to prepare your incoming college student from debt situations
Given the scary debt that young adults are burdened with right now, you have to make sure that your kid is protected from a financial future that is filled with debt. The best way to do that is by educating them – especially about credit management.
An article published on MyFoxChicago.com discussed how most students are really unaware of what they are signing up for – especially when it comes to student loans. In most cases, the councilor in school will not provide them with the whole debt situation.
This is an important role that parents need to complete because financial difficulties can affect even the studies of college students. According the same study featured by USA Today, which is originally published on CGSNet.org, research shows that financial troubles cause students to go through mental stress, academic failure and the eventual withdrawal from school.
Because of that fact, you need to equip them with the right knowledge that will help them make better decisions about their finances. It also helps to set a good example by practicing the right credit management skills yourself.
For problems with student loans, National Debt Relief recently launched a program that helps borrowers deal with this type of debt. It is a consultation service that will help consumers get into the right program that is based on the details of their student loan debt and their financial situation. The company charges a one time flat fee that is placed in a secure escrow account. The service includes assistance in the paperwork that will help consumers enter into a student loan repayment program. If the consumer is satisfied with the paperworks, that is the only time that the company will receive their payments. Take note that they will never charge an upfront or maintenance fee for this service.
Diana hates debt just as much as you do. She is a finance writer for National Debt Relief. She aims to provide the best information to win the battle against debt.